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Educational Resources.


This page contains links to outside educational material covering topics related to paleo-oncology.  It will be updated occasionally with new videos and links covering a wide range of material, so keep checking back!



This material is intended to be a resource for those interested in learning more about cancer in antiquity. Please note that the videos, websites, and articles presented here do not necessarily reflect the views of PRO. We have attempted to select sources that demonstrate valuable and relevant information. 

PRO Academic Conference Posters

Cancer in Egypt


Cancer in Mummies


Paleoradiology of Egyptian Mummies:

A CT Imaging Survey of Cancer in Ancient Remains

Cancer in Egypt:

A Study of Literary and Bioarchaeological Evidence

Educational Videos

Cancer: From a Healthy Cell to a Cancer Cell


A 5 minute video on the basics of cancer development and current medical treatment methods.

Animated Introduction to Cancer Biology


This introductory video is slightly more detailed than the 5 minute introductory video above. It is suitable for non-specialists with no biological background.

The following videos describe different aspects of cancer development in detail. These videos are fairly technical with regards to biochemistry and cellular functions.
Introduction to Cancer Biology (Part 1): Abnormal Signal Transduction
Introduction to Cancer Biology (Part 2): Loss of Apoptosis
Introduction to Cancer Biology (Part 3): Tissue Invasion and Metastasis
Introduction to Cancer Biology (Part 4): Angiogenesis
Siddhartha Mukherjee: The Cancer Puzzle


2011 Pulitzer Prize winner, Siddhartha Mukherjee, speaks about his fantastic book, The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer. This book is highly recommended to specialists and non-specialists alike. It is a fascinating and informative read for anyone interested in the history of cancer and cancer research.

Neoplasm or Not? - PPA 2018 Workshop Materials

This resource is based on the 2018 Paleopathology Association (PPA) workshop, entitled Neoplasm or Not? Morphologic Analysis of Dry Bone Specimens, which was co-hosted by two PRO executive members (Casey Kirkpatrick and Roselyn Campbell) along with Dr. Bruce Ragsdale, MD, FCAP. 
Within this public Dropbox folder ( there are digital images, x-rays and histological plates of the bony specimens featured at the workshop, along with a participant recording form, an easy-to-use parameter guide, and our related open access article (look out for this article in the 2018 IJPP special issue on paleo-oncology!). In a separate teaching resource folder, the answer key can be found along with slideshows introducing the workshop and discussing the correct answers.
As the specimens used in this workshop are all clinically diagnosed cases with bony changes, we believe that this collection will be a useful resource for paleopathologists, whether it is used for reference or for teaching purposes. We would be delighted if this resource was used for either purpose.
You do not need to have a Dropbox account to view the files or download them to your computer and this resource is available to any interested parties. Please contact Casey Kirkpatrick at if you have any questions or trouble accessing the Dropbox folder or any files therein, or if you wish to reproduce any images for publication.

To access this resource, please click on the following link or copy and paste it into your browser:
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